ECOSYSTEMS THAT ENRICH ENVIRONMENTALLY CHIRIQUI



From the seabed to the high mountains of the Cordillera Central, we find a long list of ecosystems that are the basis of the region's wildlife: the coral reefs, the seagrasses, the beaches, the mangrove forests, the rainforests, the rivers, the lagoons, the wetlands and others. The following are the most important.




CORAL REEFS:
The coral reefs are one of the most productive and diverse ecosystems, providing a variety of food sources and environmental diversity. Forming a three-dimensional structure, provide habitat for a wide variety of organisms.
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MANGROVES:
Mangroves are of fundamental importance to the birth, protection and development of many commercial species, such as snappers, conchs, lobsters, shrimps and crabs, as well as others whose importance is ecological.
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BEACHES:
A beach is a place in the seashore where there are accumulate particles of sand, gravel or mud. The sand is related to the sources close to (rocks, coral reefs, etc) which gives them their color and consistency.
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SEAGRASSES:
They are a highly productive ecosystem, a group of flowering plants that live in marine environments. On the Pacific slope, species have lower coastal development than in the Caribbean.

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WETLANDS:
The wetland ecosystems (flood plain) form small lakes, some permanents, they have their own flora and fauna. It is very difficult to reach this type of terrains due to the marshy nature of the land around them.
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RAINFORESTS:
They are found in low-lying areas with a temperature between 27o and 29o and an average annual rainfall between 2,000 and 10,000 mm. We found it on some islands, coasts and lowlands.

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CLOUDFORESTS:
Is a tropical montane rain forest, with high concentration of superficial fog. Show abundant coverage of moss and vegetation, and are located in a range of relatively small height with clouds to the level of the vegetation.
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